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Williamson County – a Little History
Williamson County is situated directly south of Nashville Tennessee. The county was named in honor of Dr. Hugh Williamson of North Carolina who was a colonel in the North Carolina militia in the Revolutionary War, served three terms in the Continental Congress, and signed the U.S. Constitution.
The Tennessee General Assembly created Williamson County on October 26, 1799, from a portion of Davidson County. The county had originally been inhabited by at least five Native American cultures, including tribes of Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Shawnees, and is home to two Mississippian-period mound complexes. Since the completion of the Interstate Highway System and the rapid expansion of Nashville in the mid-20th century, Williamson County has seen tremendous growth. Williamson County is ranked among the wealthiest counties in the country.
In 2010, Williamson County was listed 17th on the Forbes list of the 25 wealthiest counties in America. Williamson County was severely affected by the Civil War. Three battles were fought within the county: the Battle of Brentwood, the Battle of Thompson’s Station, and one of the bloodiest battles in the war, the Battle of Franklin. The large plantations that were part of the economic foundation of the county were ravaged, and many of the county’s youth were killed during the war. Many Confederate casualties of the Battle of Franklin lie in the McGavock Confederate Cemetery near the Carnton plantation house. This cemetery, containing the bodies of 1,481 soldiers, is the largest private Confederate cemetery in America.